past events

Tuesday 16. September 2014

Okinawa School in Physics: Coherent Quantum Dynamics 2014

 

Place: Onna-son (island of Okinawa), Japan

Deadline for applications: May 1st, 2014

For more information: https://groups.oist.jp/cqd

The study of quantum coherent dynamics is currently one of the most active and exciting areas in physics. It holds the promise for the development of new technologies (quantum computing, quantum metrology,...) and, at the same time, has already delivered insights into the foundations of quantum mechanics. Its fast moving pace, in both theory and experiment, has attracted many young researchers and summer schools have become an integral part of the education and networking of students.

The school will consist of lectures delivered by international experts on fundamental problems of the area.  These will be supplemented by accessible presentations (colloquia) on cutting-edge research problems.  Additionally, we will organise problem solving sessions, which are partly tutorial style and partly open-ended, and two sessions on (English language) presentation skills. All participants will be required to present a poster based on their current research.

Monday 08. September 2014

LANE 2014
8th International Conference on Photonic Technologies

 

Conference Organisation: Bayerisches Laserzentrum GmbH, Chair of Photonic Technologies FAU

Call for papers: until January 31, 2014

Place: Fürth, Germany

More information and registration: www.lane-conference.org

 

 

Thursday 31. July 2014

IMPRS get-together

 

Place: MPL / Large seminar room (*435)

Organisation: Luo Qi (IOIP / Quantum Radiation)

Talk: Quantum Imaging with Undetected Photons

Speaker: Dr. Radek Lapkiewicz (Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information - Vienna; Research group: Zeilinger Group)

Abstract:

Indistinguishable quantum states interfere, but the mere possibility of obtaining information that could distinguish between overlapping states inhibits quantum interference. Quantum imaging can outperform classical imaging or even have entirely new features. We introduce and experimentally demonstrate a quantum imaging concept that relies on the indistinguishability of the possible sources of a photon that remains undetected. Our experiment uses pair creation in two separate down-conversion crystals. While the photons passing through the object are never detected, we obtain images exclusively with the sister photons that do not interact with the object. Therefore the object to be imaged can be either opaque or invisible to the detected photons.

 

 

Thursday 10. July 2014

MPL Distinguished Lecturer Series
From Ultracold Fermi Gases to Neutron Stars

 

Speaker:

Prof. Christophe Salomon (Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, France)

Place:

MPL / large seminar room (*435)

Abstract:

Superconductivity and superfluidity are spectacular macroscopic manifestations of genuine quantum collective effects with, today, vast domains of applications. In this family of quantum solids or fluids, ultracold gases and polaritons are the last born.

 

Thanks to the great flexibility of laser cooling and trapping methods, ultracold gases offer to study these quantum correlated systems with a new twist. It is possible for instance to tune the strength and sign of the interaction between atoms. Optical lattices, realized by interfering laser beams, create periodic optical potentials that mimic the crystalline potential seen by electrons in solids. Controlled disorder can be introduced to study the localization of matter-waves predicted by P.W. Anderson more than 50 years ago. Dilute atomic gases can thus be considered as model systems to address some pending problem in Many-Body physics that occur in condensed matter systems, nuclear physics, and astrophysics.

 

In this talk, we will discuss the seemingly simplest case of attractive spin 1/2 fermions with tunable interaction. We will show that the gas properties can continuously change from those of weakly interacting Cooper pairs described by Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory to those of strongly bound molecules undergoing Bose-Einstein condensation. A new imaging method enable us to probe with high precision the thermodynamics of locally homogeneous ultracold gases [1,2,3] and to perform stringent tests of recent many-body theories.  The equation of state of fermions has been measured as a function of interaction strength and temperature. Despite orders of magnitude difference in density and temperature, our equation of state can be used to describe low density neutron matter such as the outer shell of neutron stars. We will finally describe our recent production with Lithium isotopes of a dilute mixture of a Bose superfluid with a Fermi superfluid [4], a long thought goal of helium 4 and helium 3 quantum liquids.

 

 

[1] S. Nascimbène, N. Navon, K. Jiang, F. Chevy, and C. Salomon, Nature 463, 1057 (2010)

[2] N. Navon, S. Nascimbène, F. Chevy, and C. Salomon, Science 328, 729 (2010)

[3] S. Nascimbène, N. Navon, S. Pilati, F. Chevy, S. Giorgini, A. Georges, and C. Salomon, Phys. Rev. Lett., 106, 215303 (2011)

[4] I. Ferrier-Barbut, M. Delehaye, S. Laurent, A. Grier, M. Pierce, B. Rem, F. Chevy, C. Salomon, ArXiv :1404.2548

Thursday 12. June 2014

IMPRS get-together

 

Place: large seminar room / MPL

Organisation: Martin Finger (MPL / Russell Division)

Talk: Magnetic penetration depth of iron pnictide superconductors

Speaker: Dr. Clifford Hicks (Max-Planck Institute for the Chemical Physics of Solids / Research group: Physics of Quantum Materials)

Abstract:

The Meissner effect, expulsion of magnetic fields, is a key characteristic of the superconducting state. Magnetic fields applied to a superconductor penetrate only a small distance, typically around 100 nm, into the superconductor. This magnetic penetration depth is one of the more difficult quantities to measure in condensed matter physics. It is also an important measurement: variation of the penetration depth at low temperatures provides information on the superconducting order parameter, the collective quantum state that carriers enter when a material becomes superconducting. Knowing the order parameter is important in understanding why a material becomes superconducting. I will present penetration depth measurements on iron pnictide superconductors, a class of high temperature superconductors discovered in 2008.

Tuesday 27. May 2014

OPTICS BBQ

 

Organisation: hbar OMEGA OSA student chapter

Place: Barbecue area of the university's physics department (behind the tandem accelerator at Erwin Rommel Straße 1)

 

 

Thursday 22. May 2014

IMPRS get-together

 

Place: large seminar room / MPL

Organisation: Daqing Wang (MPL / Sandoghdar Division)

Talk: Fundamentals and applications of Interferometric Scattering

Speaker: Prof. Leonardo Menezes (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil)

Abstract:

In this talk, I'll present the principles of the interferometric scattering (iScat) technique, which allows performing microscopy and spectroscopy of various nanoscopic systems in the diffraction limited regime. Then I'll discuss applications of iScat in different situations: for detection of particles down to 5 nm, for studying single molecule absorption of light, for tracing the diffusion of a virus on a lipidic membrane and for 3D tracking of gold nanoparticles in a static electric potential.

Thursday 08. May 2014

Distinguished Lecturer Series
Quantum Microwave Photonics

 

Speaker:

Prof. Andreas Wallraff (ETH Zürich, Schweiz)

Place:

MPL / large seminar room (*435)

Abstract:

Using modern micro and nano-fabrication techniques combined with superconducting materials we realize quantum electronic circuits in which we create, store, and manipulate individual microwave photons. The strong interaction of photons with superconducting quantum two-level systems allows us to probe fundamental quantum effects of microwave radiation and also to develop components for applications in quantum technology. Previously we have realized on-demand single photon sources which we have characterized using correlation function measurements [1] and full quantum state tomography [2]. For this purpose we have developed efficient methods to separate the quantum signals of interest from the noise added by the linear amplifiers used for quadrature amplitude detection [3]. We now regularly employ superconducting parametric amplifiers [4] to perform nearly quantum limited detection of propagating electromagnetic fields. These enable us to probe the entanglement which we generate on demand between stationary qubits and microwave photons freely propagating down a transmission line [5]. Using two independent microwave single photon sources, we have recently performed Hong-Ou-Mandel experiments at microwave frequencies [6] and have probed the coherence of two-mode multi-photon states at the out-put of a beam-splitter. The non-local nature of such states may prove to be useful for distributing entanglement in future small-scale quantum networks.

[1] D. Bozyigit et al., Nat. Phys. 7, 154 (2011)
[2] C. Eichler et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 220503 (2011)
[3] C. Eichler et al., Phys. Rev. A 86, 032106 (2012)
[4] C. Eichler et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 113601 (2011)
[5] C. Eichler et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 240501 (2012)
[6] C. Lang et al., Nat. Phys. 9, 345ñ348 (2013)

Tuesday 06. May 2014

IMPRS get-together

 

Place: MPL (large seminar room)

Organisation: Eugene Kim (MPL / Vollmer Research Group)

Talk: Hybrid photonic-plasmonic whispering gallery mode sensors

Speaker: Dr. Matthew Foreman (Vollmer Research Group - Lab of Nanophotonics and Biosensing, MPL)

Abstract:

Optical resonator based biosensors are rapidly emerging as one of the most sensitive label free technologies, capable of ful lling the requirements for next generation sensors. Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators, particularly, exhibit high sensitivity by virtue of their high quality (Q) resonances and large surface intensities. Commonly WGM biosensors utilize the reactive resonance shift produced by a protein or nanoparticle binding to the microcavity. This shift is proportional to the intensity jE(r0)j2 at the binding site r0 such that any mechanisms enhancing the local intensity while maintaining high Q factor can amplify the frequency shift. Exploiting plasmonic nanoantennae therefore represents a natural and powerful means by which to push the detection envelope beyond the current limits to the single molecule level. In this talk we discuss various theoretical aspects of WGM based sensors, including fundamental sensing principles, sensor optimisation and modelling of hybrid photonic-plasmonic WGM biosensors.

Thursday 24. April 2014

IMPRS get-together

 

Place: lecture hall F (Staudtstraße 5, at the physics institute of the university of Erlangen)

Organisation: Roland Lauter (FAU / Institute for Theoretical Physics II)

Talk: Optomechanical Metamaterials: Dirac polaritons, Gauge fields, and Instabilities

Speaker: Vittorio Peano (FAU)

Abstract:

Freestanding photonic crystals can be used to trap both light and mechanical vibrations. These "optomechanical crystal" structures have already been experimentally demonstrated to yield strong coupling between a photon mode and a phonon mode, co-localized at a single defect site. Future devices may feature a regular superlattice of such defects, turning them into "optomechanical arrays". In this letter we predict that tailoring the optomechanical band structure of such arrays can be used to implement Dirac physics of photons and phonons, to create a photonic gauge field via mechanical vibrations, and to observe a novel optomechanical instability.